Fato, fenômeno, e teoria na tradição de pesquisa darwiniana

segunda-feira, maio 30, 2011

Biological Theory 2(2) 2007, 168–178.

Fact, Phenomenon, and Theory in the Darwinian Research Tradition

Bruce H. Weber

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
California State University Fullerton
Fullerton, CA, USA



Robert H. Woodworth Chair in Science and Natural Philosophy
Bennington College
Bennington, VT, USA


From its inception Darwinian evolutionary biology has been seen as having a problematic relationship of fact and theory. While the forging of the modern evolutionary synthesis resolved most of these issues for biologists, critics continue to argue that natural selection and common descent are “only theories.” Much of the confusion engendered by the “evolution wars” can be clarified by applying the concept of phenomena, inferred from fact, and explained by theories, thus locating where legitimate dissent may still exist. By setting such analysis in the context of research traditions, it is possible to gain further insight into the complex interplay of facts, phenomena, and theories. Two case studies are explored to assess the value of such approaches, one from within evolutionary biology, the Baldwin effect, and one from outside, intelligent design.


Baldwin effect, Darwinian research tradition, Darwinism, evolution, fact, intelligent design, neo-Darwinism, phenomenon, research program, research tradition, theory





Alô CAPES/Periódicos: 

Por que a Biological Theory, uma importante publicação científica está fora das publicações científicas deste portal???