O erro de Darwin: Patrick Matthew e a natureza catastrófica do registro geológico

quarta-feira, abril 27, 2011

Darwin's error? Patrick Matthew and the catastrophic nature of the geologic record

Author: Rampino, Michael1

Source: Historical Biology: A Journal of Paleobiology, Volume 23, Numbers 2-3, June 2011 , pp. 227-230(4)

Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd


In 1831, the Scottish horticulturalist Patrick Matthew (1790-1874) published a clear statement of the law of natural selection in an Appendix to his book Naval Timber and Arboriculture, which both Darwin and Wallace later acknowledged. Matthew, however, was a catastrophist, and he presented natural selection within the contemporary view that relatively long intervals of environmental stability were episodically punctuated by catastrophic mass extinctions of life. Modern studies support a similar picture of the division of geologic time into long periods of relative evolutionary stability ended by sudden extinction events. Mass extinctions are followed by recovery intervals during which surviving taxa radiate into vacated niches. This modern punctuated view of evolution and speciation is much more in line with Matthew's episodic catastrophism than the classical Lyellian-Darwinian gradualist view.

Keywords: natural selection; catastrophism; Charles Darwin; Patrick Matthew

Document Type: Research article

DOI: 10.1080/08912963.2010.523948

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biology and Environmental Studies Program, New York University, New York, NY, USA

Publication date: 2011-06-01


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