O Google Scholar é manipulável???

quinta-feira, fevereiro 15, 2024

Google Scholar is manipulatable
Hazem Ibrahim, Fengyuan Liu, Yasir Zaki, Talal Rahwan

Image/Imagem - ThriveWorks

Citations are widely considered in scientists' evaluation. As such, scientists may be incentivized to inflate their citation counts. While previous literature has examined self-citations and citation cartels, it remains unclear whether scientists can purchase citations. Here, we compile a dataset of ~1.6 million profiles on Google Scholar to examine instances of citation fraud on the platform. We survey faculty at highly-ranked universities, and confirm that Google Scholar is widely used when evaluating scientists. Intrigued by a citation-boosting service that we unravelled during our investigation, we contacted the service while undercover as a fictional author, and managed to purchase 50 citations. These findings provide conclusive evidence that citations can be bought in bulk, and highlight the need to look beyond citation counts.

Subjects:     Computational Engineering, Finance, and Science (cs.CE); Digital Libraries (cs.DL); Social and Information Networks (cs.SI); Physics and Society (physics.soc-ph)
Cite as:     arXiv:2402.04607 [Add to Citavi project by ArXiv ID] [cs.CE]