A ciência avança à medida que cientistas medalhões morrem?

quarta-feira, dezembro 16, 2015

Does Science Advance One Funeral at a Time?

Pierre Azoulay, Christian Fons-Rosen, Joshua S. Graff Zivin

NBER Working Paper No. 21788

Issued in December 2015

NBER Program(s): PR 

We study the extent to which eminent scientists shape the vitality of their fields by examining entry rates into the fields of 452 academic life scientists who pass away while at the peak of their scientific abilities. Key to our analyses is a novel way to delineate boundaries around scientific fields by appealing solely to intellectual linkages between scientists and their publications, rather than collaboration or co-citation patterns. Consistent with previous research, the flow of articles by collaborators into affected fields decreases precipitously after the death of a star scientist (relative to control fields). In contrast, we find that the flow of articles by non-collaborators increases by 8% on average. These additional contributions are disproportionately likely to be highly cited. They are also more likely to be authored by scientists who were not previously active in the deceased superstar’s field. Overall, these results suggest that outsiders are reluctant to challenge leadership within a field when the star is alive and that a number of barriers may constrain entry even after she is gone. Intellectual, social, and resource barriers all impede entry, with outsiders only entering subfields that offer a less hostile landscape for the support and acceptance of “foreign” ideas.



Se em parte é assim que a ciência avança, que venha logo a solução biológica. Traduzindo em miúdos: Morram! mas morram logo, para dar lugar e vez aos cientistas mais novos, mais abertos a novas ideias e teorias científicas!