Imaginando a universidade "aberta": compartilhando o saber para melhorar a pesquisa e a ducação

sexta-feira, outubro 27, 2017

Imagining the “open” university: Sharing scholarship to improve research and education

Erin C. McKiernan 

Source/Fonte: Open University - UK


Open scholarship, such as the sharing of articles, code, data, and educational resources, has the potential to improve university research and education as well as increase the impact universities can have beyond their own walls. To support this perspective, I present evidence from case studies, published literature, and personal experiences as a practicing open scholar. I describe some of the challenges inherent to practicing open scholarship and some of the tensions created by incompatibilities between institutional policies and personal practice. To address this, I propose several concrete actions universities could take to support open scholarship and outline ways in which such initiatives could benefit the public as well as institutions. Importantly, I do not think most of these actions would require new funding but rather a redistribution of existing funds and a rewriting of internal policies to better align with university missions of knowledge dissemination and societal impact.

Citation: McKiernan EC (2017) Imagining the “open” university: Sharing scholarship to improve research and education. PLoS Biol15(10): e1002614.

Published: October 24, 2017

Copyright: © 2017 Erin C. McKiernan. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Funding: This article was originally a white paper submitted as part of a conference jointly supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) entitled, "Imagining Tomorrow’s University: Rethinking scholarship, education, and institutions for an open, networked era" (, held March 8th and 9th in Rosemont, IL. Funding for this event was provided in part by NSF grant ACI-1645571 (PI: Daniel S. Katz) and NIH grants 5 U24 ES026465 02 and 3 U24 ES026465 02S1 (PI: John Darrell Van Horn).

Competing interests: The opinions expressed herein are those of the author and not necessarily those of her institution or affiliated organizations. The author is the founder of the "Why Open Research?" project, an open scholarship advocacy and educational site funded in part by the Shuttleworth Foundation. She is also an advisor for several open scholarship projects and services, including the BOAI 15th Anniversary Working Group, Center for Open Science, ContentMine, DORA, Figshare, OpenCon, Overleaf, and PeerJ Preprints, all in a volunteer capacity.
Abbreviations: APC, article processing charge; ARCS, Advancing Research Communication & Scholarship; ASAPbio, Accelerating Science and Publication in biology; ECR, early-career researcher; HGP, Human Genome Project; IF, impact factor; MNI, Montreal Neurological Institute; MOOC, massive online open course; OCW, open courseware; OER, open educational resource; SeeSD, Science Education Exchange for Sustainable Development; SPARC, Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition; STEM, science, technology, engineering, and mathematics; UNAM, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; UNESCO, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization