Cientistas estudam a organização da vida em uma escala planetária

sexta-feira, fevereiro 08, 2019

Universal scaling across biochemical networks on Earth

Hyunju Kim1,2,*, Harrison B. Smith2,*, Cole Mathis1,3, Jason Raymond2 and Sara I. Walker1,2,4,5,†

1Beyond Center for Fundamental Concepts in Science, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.

2School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.

3Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.

4ASU-SFI Center for Biosocial Complex Systems, Tempe, AZ, USA.

5Blue Marble Space Institute of Science, Seattle, WA, USA.

↵†Corresponding author. Email:

↵* These authors contributed equally to this work.

Science Advances 16 Jan 2019:

Vol. 5, no. 1, eaau0149

Source/Fonte: Internet


The application of network science to biology has advanced our understanding of the metabolism of individual organisms and the organization of ecosystems but has scarcely been applied to life at a planetary scale. To characterize planetary-scale biochemistry, we constructed biochemical networks using a global database of 28,146 annotated genomes and metagenomes and 8658 cataloged biochemical reactions. We uncover scaling laws governing biochemical diversity and network structure shared across levels of organization from individuals to ecosystems, to the biosphere as a whole. Comparing real biochemical reaction networks to random reaction networks reveals that the observed biological scaling is not a product of chemistry alone but instead emerges due to the particular structure of selected reactions commonly participating in living processes. We show that the topology of biochemical networks for the three domains of life is quantitatively distinguishable, with >80% accuracy in predicting evolutionary domain based on biochemical network size and average topology. Together, our results point to a deeper level of organization in biochemical networks than what has been understood so far.

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