Apple lança seu primeiro artigo científico sobre Inteligência Artificial: mero acaso, fortuita necessidade ou design inteligente?

quarta-feira, dezembro 28, 2016

Learning from Simulated and Unsupervised Images through Adversarial Training

Ashish Shrivastava, Tomas Pfister, Oncel Tuzel, Josh Susskind, Wenda Wang, Russ Webb

(Submitted on 22 Dec 2016)

With recent progress in graphics, it has become more tractable to train models on synthetic images, potentially avoiding the need for expensive annotations. However, learning from synthetic images may not achieve the desired performance due to a gap between synthetic and real image distributions. To reduce this gap, we propose Simulated+Unsupervised (S+U) learning, where the task is to learn a model to improve the realism of a simulator's output using unlabeled real data, while preserving the annotation information from the simulator. We develop a method for S+U learning that uses an adversarial network similar to Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs), but with synthetic images as inputs instead of random vectors. We make several key modifications to the standard GAN algorithm to preserve annotations, avoid artifacts and stabilize training: (i) a 'self-regularization' term, (ii) a local adversarial loss, and (iii) updating the discriminator using a history of refined images. We show that this enables generation of highly realistic images, which we demonstrate both qualitatively and with a user study. We quantitatively evaluate the generated images by training models for gaze estimation and hand pose estimation. We show a significant improvement over using synthetic images, and achieve state-of-the-art results on the MPIIGaze dataset without any labeled real data.

Comments: Submitted for review to a conference on Nov 15, 2016

Subjects: Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (cs.CV); Learning (cs.LG); Neural and Evolutionary Computing (cs.NE)

Cite as: arXiv:1612.07828 [cs.CV]

(or arXiv:1612.07828v1 [cs.CV] for this version)

Submission history

From: Ashish Shrivastava [view email

[v1] Thu, 22 Dec 2016 22:10:51 GMT (2012kb,D)