Origem do RNA codificante a partir de sequência aleatória de RNA

quarta-feira, abril 17, 2019

Origin of Coding RNA from Random-Sequence RNA

Gaspar Banfalvi

Published Online:5 Mar 2019 https://doi.org/10.1089/dna.2018.4389

FIG. 1. Ribose, the best fitting pentose in the nucleotide structure.


D-ribose and D-arabinose differ only by the steric orientation of their C2-OH groups. The initial reactions and emergence of RNA depended on the position, reactivity, and flexibility of the C2-OH moiety in the ribose molecule. The steric relationship of the C2- and C3-OH groups favored the selection of ribose, ribonucleotide, and RNA synthesis and excluded the possibility of xenonucleic acid-based life on Earth. This brief review provides a hypothesis based on the absence of nucleotides and enzymes under prebiotic conditions and on the polymerization of ribose 5-phosphate units leading to the polarized formation of the ribose-phosphate backbone. The strong covalent bond formation in the sugar-phosphate backbone was followed by the somewhat less reactive interaction between ribose and nucleobase and supplemented by even weaker hydrogen-bonded and stacking interactions. This hypothesis proposes a scheme how prebiotic random-sequence RNA was formed under abiotic conditions and hydrolyzed to oligomers and nucleotides. The term random-sequence prebiotic RNA refers to nucleobases attached randomly to the ribose-phosphate backbone and not to cellular RNA sequences as proteins and cells did not probably exist at the time of abiotic RNA formation. It is hypothesized that RNA generated under abiotic conditions containing random nucleobases was hydrolyzed to nucleotides that served as a pool for the selected synthesis of genetic RNA.

FREE PDF GRATIS: DNA and Cell Biology