O limite de altura de um sifão

quinta-feira, janeiro 21, 2016

The height limit of a siphon

A. Boatwright, S. Hughes & J. Barry

Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 16790 (2015)

Condensed-matter physics | Fluid dynamics

Received: 03 March 2015 Accepted: 14 October 2015 Published online: 02 December 2015


The maximum height of a siphon is generally assumed to be dependent on barometric pressure—about 10 m at sea level. This limit arises because the pressure in a siphon above the upper reservoir level is below the ambient pressure, and when the height of a siphon approaches 10 m, the pressure at the crown of the siphon falls below the vapour pressure of water causing water to boil breaking the column. After breaking, the columns on either side are supported by differential pressure between ambient and the low-pressure region at the top of the siphon. Here we report an experiment of a siphon operating at sea level at a height of 15 m, well above 10 m. Prior degassing of the water prevented cavitation. This experiment provides conclusive evidence that siphons operate through gravity and molecular cohesion.

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