Como as bactérias controlam seu ciclo celular: mero acaso, fortuita necessidade ou design inteligente?

sábado, janeiro 04, 2020

Initiation of chromosome replication controls both division and replication cycles in E. coli through a double-adder mechanism

Guillaume Witz , Erik van Nimwegen, Thomas Julou
University of Basel, Switzerland; University of Bern, Switzerland

Research Article Nov 11, 2019


Living cells proliferate by completing and coordinating two cycles, a division cycle controlling cell size and a DNA replication cycle controlling the number of chromosomal copies. It remains unclear how bacteria such as Escherichia coli tightly coordinate those two cycles across a wide range of growth conditions. Here, we used time-lapse microscopy in combination with microfluidics to measure growth, division and replication in single E. coli cells in both slow and fast growth conditions. To compare different phenomenological cell cycle models, we introduce a statistical framework assessing their ability to capture the correlation structure observed in the data. In combination with stochastic simulations, our data indicate that the cell cycle is driven from one initiation event to the next rather than from birth to division and is controlled by two adder mechanisms: the added volume since the last initiation event determines the timing of both the next division and replication initiation events.