As discrepâncias de dados podem afetar nosso entendimento do universo

domingo, julho 08, 2018

Cosmological discordances. II. Hubble constant, Planck and large-scale-structure data sets

Weikang Lin and Mustapha Ishak

Phys. Rev. D 96, 083532 – Published 30 October 2017

A visual history of the expanding Universe includes the hot, dense state known as the Big Bang and the growth and formation of structure subsequently. But quantitatively knowing what the expansion rate is (and was) in the present (and past) is vital to understanding our cosmic history and future. Source/Fonte


We examine systematically the (in)consistency between cosmological constraints as obtained from various current data sets of the expansion history, large-scale-structure (LSS), and cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature and polarization from Planck. We run (dis)concordance tests within each set and across the three sets using a recently introduced index of inconsistency (IOI) capable of dissecting inconsistencies between two or more data sets. First, we compare the constraints on 
 from five different methods and find that the IOI drops from 2.85 to 0.88 (on Jeffreys’s scales) when the local 
 measurements are removed. This seems to indicate that the local measurement is an outlier compared to the others, thus favoring a systematics-based explanation. We find a moderate inconsistency (
) between Planck temperature and polarization data sets. We find that current LSS data sets including the WiggleZ power spectrum, SDSS redshift space distortion, CFHTLenS weak lensing, CMB lensing, and cluster count from SZ effect, are consistent one with another and also when all combined. However, we find a persistent moderate inconsistency between Planck and individual or combined LSS probes. For Planck 
 versus individual LSS probes, the IOI spans the range 2.92–3.72 and increases to 3.44–4.20 when the polarization data is added in. The joint LSS versus the combined Planck temperature and polarization has an IOI of 2.83 in the most conservative case. But if Planck low-
 temperature and polarization is also added to the joint LSS to constrain 
 and break degeneracies, the inconsistency between Planck and joint LSS data increases to the high end of the moderate range with 
. Whether due to systematic effects in the data or to the underlying model, these inconsistencies need to be resolved. Finally, we perform forecast calculations using the Large Sky Synoptic Survey (LSST) and find that the discordance between Planck and future LSS data, if it persists as present, can rise up to a high IOI of 17, thus falling in the strong range of inconsistency.

Received 1 September 2017
© 2017 American Physical Society
Physics Subject Headings (PhySH)
Research Areas Cosmological parameters Cosmology Gravitation, Cosmology & Astrophysics
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