Fora do Buraco Branco: uma origem holográfica para o Big Bang

sábado, agosto 09, 2014

Out of the White Hole: A Holographic Origin for the Big Bang

Razieh Pourhasan, Niayesh Afshordi, Robert B. Mann

(Submitted on 5 Sep 2013 (v1), last revised 22 Sep 2013 (this version, v2))

While most of the singularities of General Relativity are expected to be safely hidden behind event horizons by the cosmic censorship conjecture, we happen to live in the causal future of the classical big bang singularity, whose resolution constitutes the active field of early universe cosmology. Could the big bang be also hidden behind a causal horizon, making us immune to the decadent impacts of a naked singularity? We describe a braneworld description of cosmology with both 4d induced and 5d bulk gravity (otherwise known as Dvali-Gabadadze-Porati, or DGP model), which exhibits this feature: The universe emerges as a spherical 3-brane out of the formation of a 5d Schwarzschild black hole. In particular, we show that a pressure singularity of the holographic fluid, discovered earlier, happens inside the white hole horizon, and thus need not be real or imply any pathology. Furthermore, we outline a novel mechanism through which any thermal atmosphere for the brane, with comoving temperature of 20% of the 5D Planck mass can induce scale-invariant primordial curvature perturbations on the brane, circumventing the need for a separate process (such as cosmic inflation) to explain current cosmological observations. Finally, we note that 5D space-time is asymptotically flat, and thus potentially allows an S-matrix or (after minor modifications) AdS/CFT description of the cosmological big bang.

Comments: 16 pages, 3 figures

Subjects: High Energy Physics - Theory (hep-th); Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (astro-ph.CO); General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (gr-qc)

Cite as: arXiv:1309.1487 [hep-th]

(or arXiv:1309.1487v2 [hep-th] for this version)

Submission history

From: Razieh Pourhasan [view email] 

[v1] Thu, 5 Sep 2013 20:47:04 GMT (431kb,D)

[v2] Sun, 22 Sep 2013 23:38:02 GMT (431kb,D)