A controvérsia sobre o DNA lixo continua: 75% é lixo, segundo Dan Graur.

terça-feira, julho 18, 2017

An upper limit on the functional fraction of the human genome 

Dan Graur

Genome Biol Evol evx121. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/gbe/evx121

Published: 11 July 2017 Article history

Received: 25 March 2017 Revision Received: 20 June 2017

Accepted: 28 June 2017


For the human population to maintain a constant size from generation to generation, an increase in fertility must compensate for the reduction in the mean fitness of the population caused, among others, by deleterious mutations. The required increase in fertility due to this mutational load depends on the number of sites in the genome that are functional, the mutation rate, and the fraction of deleterious mutations among all mutations in functional regions. These dependencies and the fact that there exists a maximum tolerable replacement level fertility can be used to put an upper limit on the fraction of the human genome that can be functional. Mutational load considerations lead to the conclusion that the functional fraction within the human genome cannot exceed 25%, and is probably considerably lower.

Issue Section: Research article

© The Author(s) 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution.

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