Um opilião de caverna altamente especializado do Brasil: Iandumoema smeagol, a primeira espécie cega do gênero

sexta-feira, novembro 20, 2015

ZooKeys 537: 79-95 (18 Nov 2015)

A new highly specialized cave harvestman from Brazil and the first blind species of the genus: Iandumoema smeagol sp. n. (Arachnida, Opiliones, Gonyleptidae)

expand article info Ricardo Pinto-da-Rocha, Rafael Fonseca-Ferreira, Maria Elina Bichuette


A new species of troglobitic harvestman, Iandumoema smeagol sp. n., is described from Toca do Geraldo, Monjolos municipality, Minas Gerais state, Brazil. Iandumoema smeagol sp. n. is distinguished from the other two species of the genus by four exclusive characteristics – dorsal scutum areas with conspicuous tubercles, enlarged retrolateral spiniform tubercle on the distal third of femur IV, eyes absent and the penial ventral process slender and of approximately the same length of the stylus. The species is the most highly modified in the genus and its distribution is restricted only to caves in that particular area of Minas Gerais state. The type locality is not inside a legally protected area, and there are anthropogenic impacts in its surroundings. Therefore, Iandumoema smeagol sp. n. is vulnerable and it must be considered in future conservation projects.


Endemism, troglobitic, limestone, Espinhaço Supergroup, Minas Gerais state