Cientistas questionam a validade do Princípio da Incerteza de Heisenberg

terça-feira, julho 15, 2014

Violation of Heisenberg's Measurement-Disturbance Relationship by Weak Measurements

Lee A. Rozema, Ardavan Darabi, Dylan H. Mahler, Alex Hayat, Yasaman Soudagar, Aephraim M. Steinberg

(Submitted on 31 Jul 2012 (v1), last revised 15 Aug 2012 (this version, v2))

While there is a rigorously proven relationship about uncertainties intrinsic to any quantum system, often referred to as "Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle," Heisenberg originally formulated his ideas in terms of a relationship between the precision of a measurement and the disturbance it must create. Although this latter relationship is not rigorously proven, it is commonly believed (and taught) as an aspect of the broader uncertainty principle. Here, we experimentally observe a violation of Heisenberg's "measurement-disturbance relationship", using weak measurements to characterize a quantum system before and after it interacts with a measurement apparatus. Our experiment implements a 2010 proposal of Lund and Wiseman to confirm a revised measurement-disturbance relationship derived by Ozawa in 2003. Its results have broad implications for the foundations of quantum mechanics and for practical issues in quantum mechanics.

Comments: 5 pages, 4 figures

Subjects: Quantum Physics (quant-ph)

Journal reference: Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 100404 (2012)
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.100404

Cite as: arXiv:1208.0034 [quant-ph]

(or arXiv:1208.0034v2 [quant-ph] for this version)

Submission history

From: Lee Rozema A [view email] 

[v1] Tue, 31 Jul 2012 21:19:49 GMT (641kb,D)

[v2] Wed, 15 Aug 2012 19:24:46 GMT (745kb,D)