Nenhuma extensão de teoria quântica pode ter aumentada a capacidade preditiva

terça-feira, agosto 02, 2011

No extension of quantum theory can have improved predictive power

Roger Colbeck & Renato Renner



Corresponding author

Nature Communications 2, Article number: 411


Received 17 January 2011 Accepted 30 June 2011 Published 02 August 2011


According to quantum theory, measurements generate random outcomes, in stark contrast with classical mechanics. This raises the question of whether there could exist an extension of the theory that removes this indeterminism, as suspected by Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen. Although this has been shown to be impossible, existing results do not imply that the current theory is maximally informative. Here we ask the more general question of whether any improved predictions can be achieved by any extension of quantum theory. Under the assumption that measurements can be chosen freely, we answer this question in the negative: no extension of quantum theory can give more information about the outcomes of future measurements than quantum theory itself. Our result has significance for the foundations of quantum mechanics, as well as applications to tasks that exploit the inherent randomness in quantum theory, such as quantum cryptography.

Subject terms: Physical Sciences, Theoretical physics