Análise filogenética de 83 genes plastid resolve mais a diversificação primeva de eudicots

terça-feira, fevereiro 23, 2010

Phylogenetic analysis of 83 plastid genes further resolves the early diversification of eudicots

Michael J. Moore a,1, Pamela S. Soltis b, Charles D. Bell c, J. Gordon Burleigh d, and Douglas E. Soltis d

-Author Affiliations

aBiology Department, Oberlin College, Oberlin, OH 44074;

bFlorida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611;

cDepartment of Biological Sciences, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA 70148; and

dDepartment of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611

Edited* by Michael J. Donoghue, Yale University, New Haven, CT, and approved January 26, 2010 (received for review July 14, 2009)


Although Pentapetalae (comprising all core eudicots except Gunnerales) include ≈70% of all angiosperms, the origin of and relationships among the major lineages of this clade have remained largely unresolved. Phylogenetic analyses of 83 protein-coding and rRNA genes from the plastid genome for 86 species of seed plants, including new sequences from 25 eudicots, indicate that soon after its origin, Pentapetalae diverged into three clades: (i) a “superrosid” clade consisting of Rosidae, Vitaceae, and Saxifragales; (ii) a “superasterid” clade consisting of Berberidopsidales, Santalales, Caryophyllales, and Asteridae; and (iii) Dilleniaceae. Maximum-likelihood analyses support the position of Dilleniaceae as sister to superrosids, but topology tests did not reject alternative positions of Dilleniaceae as sister to Asteridae or all remaining Pentapetalae. Molecular dating analyses suggest that the major lineages within both superrosids and superasterids arose in as little as 5 million years. This phylogenetic hypothesis provides a crucial historical framework for future studies aimed at elucidating the underlying causes of the morphological and species diversity in Pentapetalae.

Angiosperm Tree of Life    Pentapetalae   plastid genome


1To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Author contributions: P.S.S. and D.E.S. designed research; M.J.M. performed research; M.J.M., C.D.B., J.G.B., and D.E.S. analyzed data; and M.J.M., P.S.S., C.D.B., J.G.B., and D.E.S. wrote the paper.

↵*This Direct Submission article had a prearranged editor.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Data Deposition: The sequences reported in this paper have been deposited in the GenBank database (accession nos. GQ996966GQ998871).

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