Por que a evolução parece ser milagrosa???

quinta-feira, março 26, 2009

The Concept of Co-option: Why Evolution Often Looks Miraculous
Deborah A. McLennan

Published online: 24 June 2008

# Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2008


Darwin believed that evolution generally occurred through a series of small, gradual changes. This proposal was counter-intuitive to many people because it seemed likely that “transitional” forms would not survive. Darwin, and later Cuènot, recognized that this problem was easily solved if characters that had evolved for one reason changed their function at a later time with little to no concurrent structural modification, at least initially. In other words, traits that had evolved under one set of conditions were co-opted to serve a different function under a second set of conditions. This meant that organisms carried with them in the structures of their genes, proteins, morphological, physiological, and behavioral characters the potential for rapid evolutionary change, so rapid, indeed, that the process looked miraculous and Lamarckian. In this paper, I discuss some of the paradigm examples of co-option, from genes to behavior.

Keywords Co-option - Preadaptation - Exaptation - Evolution


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